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Typical calorific values of fuels
Net calorific value (CV) or Lower Heating Value (LHV) given for all fuels. This means that the latent heat of vaporization of the water vapour created by combustion is not recovered by condensation.
Fuel Net Calorific Value (CV) by mass
GJ/tonne
Net Calorific Value (CV) by mass
kWh/kg
Bulk density
kg/m3
Energy density by volume
MJ/m3
Energy density by volume
kWh/m3
Wood chips (30% MC) 12.5 3.5 250 3,100 870
Log wood (stacked - air dry: 20% MC) 14.7 4.1 350-500 5,200-7,400 1,400-2,000
Wood (solid - oven dry) 19 5.3 400-600 7,600-11,400 2,100-3,200
Wood pellets 17 4.8 650 11,000 3,100
Miscanthus (bale - 25% MC) 13 3.6 140-180 1,800-2,300 500-650
House coal 27-31 7.5-8.6 850 23,000-26,000 6,400-7,300
Anthracite 33 9.2 1,100 36,300 10,100
Heating oil 42.5 11.8 845 36,000 10,000
Natural gas (NTP) 38.1 10.6 0.9 35.2 9.8
LPG 46.3 12.9 510 23,600 6,600

Other facts and figuresOther facts and figures